Property & EPCs
So, what is an EPC?
EPC stands for Energy Performance Certificate and it is basically a document which shows the energy efficiency of your home. The Certificate gives your house a rating from A-G on a rainbow graph in the same way electrical items such as fridge freezers and dishwashers are currently rated. The Certificate also outlines recommendations unique to your home detailing how you can improve its rating.
Do I need an EPC?
An EPC is required when a building is constructed, rented or sold. A building will need an EPC if it has a roof and walls and uses energy to ‘condition an indoor climate’. This means it has heating, air conditioning or mechanical ventilation. For example, a garden shed would not need an EPC if it doesn’t have any heating. The building can either be a whole building or part of a building that has been designed or altered to be used separately. If a building is made up of separate units, each with its own heating system, each unit will need an EPC.
What they tell you
- information on your home's energy use and carbon dioxide emissions
- a recommendation report with suggestions to reduce energy use and carbon dioxide emissions
A guide for residential landlords
Private residential landlords are legally required to provide an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) when renting out a home to new tenants.
An EPC gives information about a property's energy efficiency. You must give a copy to prospective tenants when they view a property, when they ask for any written information about a property and before any rental contract is signed. It remains valid for ten years and can be used for all new tenants in that period.
EPCs are required for self-contained properties only. They are not necessary when a tenant rents a room and shares facilities.
Who is responsible for producing a commercial EPC?
The landlord (for new leases) the seller ( for freehold sales or lease assignments ) or in the case of new-build the party who constructed the building are responsible for producing an EPC , regardless of whether an agent acts on their behalf.
The EPC should be given to the prospective tenant or buyer at the earliest opportunity, and no later than when a viewing is in progress. Each time a premises is offered to a prospective buyer without an EPC it is counted as a separate 'offence' so the potential fines could run into thousands of pounds
For new build property ( or significant modifications to existing buildings) , the party constructing the building must provide an EPC to the owner before Building Control will produce a Certificate of Completion.